Students can choose GCSE Geography as one of their options at KS4

What will I study as part of GCSE Geography?

  • People and Settlements – How and why a country’s population changes over time; including the impacts of migration. Case studies based on how land use changes within cities, and its effect on the provision of retail services in rural and urban communities. This leads to decision making exercises on housing provision.
  • Rivers and Coasts – The formation of river and coastal landforms. These include waterfalls and barrier beaches created by processes of erosion and deposition. Case studies based on river and coastal flooding leading to decision making exercises on management issues.
  • Natural Hazards – Studying the formation of tectonic landforms; volcanoes and earthquakes along with tropical storms and drought. This links to the impact on people and the environment before, during and after these Natural Hazards. Case studies are based on managing the impacts and responses in LEDCs and MEDCs.
  • Economic Development – How a country’s development is linked to its economic growth, depending on the main type of industry. Studying how much and what type of aid should countries give and receive. Then investigating how multinational companies and globalisation are making the Earth a small place to live. This leads to decision making exercises on global climate change.

How will I learn this?

  • A variety of study activities including classwork, homework, fieldwork, group work, role play, presentations, ICT, research.
    Skills developed will include:
  • Independent research,  ICT Skills, map skills, problem  solving, decision making, data interpretation, communication skills, data collection and interpretation, fieldwork, statistical representation.

What is the exam format?

Controlled Assessment
A Controlled Assessment is taken in Year 10 worth 25% of the final GCSE
Fieldwork focus – 2000 word assessment based on fieldwork data.

Final examinations
There are two papers for GCSE Geography worth 75% of the final grade.

Paper one: Sustainable Decision Making Paper – 1 hour 30 minutes (25%)
Paper two: Key Geographical Themes – 1 hour 45 minutes (50%)

Exam Board : OCR Specification B

Are there any enrichment opportunities / visits or trips?

There is a compulsory one-day field trip in order to complete the controlled assessment task

What careers or courses might this lead to?

Geography is useful in many ways, as a preparation for the world of work, for A Levels and University, or simply as an enjoyable and interesting subject.

Many jobs require the skills and knowledge learnt through GCSE Geography. Geography is a good subject as it can be combined with a whole range of subjects. Below are some examples of areas of further study and employment.

Agriculture and Horticulture, Art & Design, Business Studies, Cartography, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Energy, Construction, Environmental Health, Technical Film Advisor,  Geology, ICT, Journalism, Languages, Law, Local Government Work, Location Manager, Media, Meteorology, Oceanography, Publishing, Retail Management, Social Work, Surveying, Teaching, Town Planning, Travel and Tourism.

Useful website links & Revision Guides:

World Climates

Ordinance Survey MapZone

CIA World Factbook

Fast Past Papers


Revision World

OCR Past Papers

Ks4 Geography revision for y11 mocks